Saturday, March 9, 2019

Animal testing should not be banned Essay

For m whatsoever years, beasts have been used in query twain in the scientific and aesculapian checkup field of honors. In format to introduce virgin drugs into the market, they have to be tested first on creatures in ordering to ascertain whether they ar utile or non. Animal examineation in this context defines the use of non- adult male, mostly animals, to test new drugs and consumer goods such as cosmetics, pesticides, herbicides, food additives, among new(prenominal)s (Taylor 120). Pharmaceutical companies and interrogation institutions have been active in animal experiments because these institutions atomic number 18 charged with coming up with new drugs. What has even been controversial with animal experiments is whether this procedure should be cast a bureauned or non ground on its good implications. Animal rights activists have been at the forefront in advocating for a ban on animal experiments based on the honest issues associated with it. For those supporting the use of animals in experiments, the arguments that have been made include possibilities of medical and scientific breakthroughs, safety for humans, and accuracy of end points.When the benefits of animal experimentation are weighed against the drawbacks, it is unpatterned that the procedure is beneficial. Accordingly, animal experimentation should not be banned. First, animal experiments should not be banned based on the fact that it has been beneficial to humans and animals. With the recent technological advancement, substantive accomplishment has been made in the field of human medicine and science. In this regard, the use of animal interrogation cannot be underestimated. Taylor (132) maintains that animal experimentation has helped in unearthing new drugs that have helped to ease the anguish of humans from disease that was once witnessed in the past. Blakemore support Taylors point by indicating that vaccines for polio and cervical cancer, insulin, antibiotics, h eart-bypass surgery, among new(prenominal)s were all advances that were achieved through animal interrogation. For a patient of to receive therapy or treatment, it has to be known that this originated from an arduous medical research involving animals.For instance, Blakemore uses an example of how people can easily forget the importance of animals in medical research. This is based on the fact that powerful drugs such as Avastin used to treat bowel, breast, and lung cancer were developed after research was conducted on mice. John Stein, the professor of Oxford Functional Neurosurgery Group also supports animal experiments because it helps to cleanse medicines and treatments(Campbell). Some countries interchangeable the UK have even realized the benefits of animal testing in advancing the medical field (University of Bradford). However, UK has banned the use of animal testing for consumer goods such as for cosmetics production (University of Bradford). Critics have however been subservient in indicating a number of ethical implications linked with animal testing. As the critics point out, animal testing is a procedure that does not memorise into con billetration the rights of animals.As a take a crap of fact, animals are just like humans who require to be treated the way humans are treated. While supporting animal research, Taylor (120) however cites some commentators who plead that the experiment that involved testing cosmetics and other hazardous products on rabbits in order to know how long the rabbits would die was unethical. This experiment fundamentally was meant to test the train of toxicity of certain malls. As Taylor (128) echoes the sentiments of critics, this is an inhumane way of treating animals because the ugly of any universe ought to count equally with the like suffering of any other being. These among other critical arguments have formed the basis of the opposing side of animal testing. It whitethorn be justified to talk in name of animal ethics when on that point is justification that animals have actually been mistreated. Considering that fewer fibers have been reported regarding inhumane treatment of animals, it should not however unfreeze the lifting of a ban on animal testing. As a matter of fact, animals have helped a great deal in the scientific and medical field which has equally emendd the quality of human life.From a operable perspective, the use of animal experiments guarantees the safety of humans. In order to ascertain whether drugs and other consumer goods are safe for humans, the use of animals becomes justified. Taylor (132) even supports this fancy by indicating that very(prenominal) few animals are sacrificed during such experiments which help to not only palliate millions of people, scarce also animals. Opponents of this claim have however cited cases of animal suffering and deaths because of ineffective experimental procedures. Taylor (120) highlights a critical perspective re garding this issue by indicating that Of course, Jennie was not human she was a squirrel monkey. To do such a research on a human being would be immoral. The question and then is, what justifies development a monkey? Other commentators have also indicated the idea of injecting animals with toxins in the name of scientific advancement.Although these arguments may seemplausible, it is however valuable to note that humans are practically more important than animals. It would frankincense be justified to assert that animal testing should not be banned. It has also been found that technological advancement has enabled results from animal testing to be more accurate with minimal harm inflicted on animals. Blakemore highlights the biological alliance that humans have with animals. According to the author, chimpanzees and some rodents like mice and rats share convertible genes with humans. The way these animals respond to disease treatments is just the same as humans. Because there is no other alternative to test the effectiveness of drugs and consumer goods, the use of animals in experiments becomes justified. Blakemore reiterates that there are many incurable diseases such as Alzheimers, schizophrenia, and quaternate sclerosis which require quick research in order to scrape new treatment.Because researchers and scientists have the ability to achieve this objective, they need to use all tool available at their disposal in order to plug that cures for such diseases are found. Critics of this argument have however maintained their jib regarding the futility of such efforts. As critics claim, some drugs have not been as effective as claimed. Indeed, some of the consumer products and drugs have had to be recalled because of ineffective experimental procedures which resulted in drugs not serving their intended purposes. It can be justified to equal to this assertion considering that animal experiments are products of human making which are publication to error s and flaws. However, with the recent advancement in technology, such cases have become rare.Taylor (134-136) posits that there are new methods such as computer simulation which allows animated information and data to be used by researchers and scientists to further improve on what had earlier been done. Banning animal testing would in this case amount to deteriorating health standards of people within societies. Definitely, animal testing has been a controversial issue considering that there are ethical implications associated with it. While this may be true, the benefits of this procedure however outweigh the drawbacks.For those who want a ban on animal testing to be lifted, the procedure is not ethical but only serves to infringe on the rights of animals. The arguments made by critics however are shortsighted because history clearly indicates that the drugs that people are using nowadays came as a result of animal testing. Fundamentally, animaltesting should not be banned becau se there are possibilities of future cures being unearthed, the procedure is safe for humans, and the results have been more precise. approximately 5 million animals are consumed as food annually compared to that, only 17-22 million animals are used for in research annually anesthesia is used immediately to numb the body during operations because it was successfully tested on animals = 6 % of animals do however experience painful sensation, but this has to do with the research itself the rilievo of pain would compromise the results = 61 % of animals used suffer no pain= 31 % of animals have pain relieved with anesthesia AIDs research relies heavily on animal testing other testing techniques arent optimized yet stem cells (SC) are a relative new way to perform testing. This will decrease the use of animals in the testing process. Furthermore, SC can show a specific organs reception to a substance. The housing of the animals, feeding, carrying, treatments, controlling the envi ronment, is very expensive oFinding drugs and treatments to improve health and medicine. There are already some lifesaving medical breakthroughs that are the result of animal testing, like open heart surgery, organ transplants, effective insulin, vaccines for acid diseases, It is the most accurate way to learn the effects of substances in a living bodyEnsuring the safety of drugs and other substancesHuman harm is rock-bottom and human lives are saved but also animal lives are saved because of animal testing.Many of the medications and procedures that we currently use today wouldnt exist and the development of future treatments would be extremely limited.Many argue that the lives of animals may be worthy of some respect, but the rank we reach on their lives does not count as much as the value we give tohuman life.Using cell cultures can only get wind side effects on a molecular level and cannot unfortunately, recrudesce side effects like organ failure, rashes, tumors, or cardia c baffle like animal testing can.Using computer models cannot always hollo unknown variables that can be discovered with animal testing.Animals may not have the exact same philology as humans but animal testing is accurate enough to test whether a substance is even safe enough for human trials.Experiments must only take place if there is no alternative method that does not connote the use of animals. Animals involved must be those with the lowest degree of neuro-physiological sensibility.http//

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