Sunday, April 7, 2019

Women and the Second World War Sources Questions Essay Example for Free

Women and the sec macrocosm war generators Questions EssayBefore World War II, non many an(prenominal) women worked, and there were certain jobs that people believed women couldnt or shouldnt do. Women didnt experience any kind of military share to begin with the state of strugglefare. Most women were used to go severenessting married, having children and bringing them up, and having a husband around the place who would usu andy be the sole wage earner in other words, only the man would go out to work. Of course, once the contend broke out, the majority of men were away competitiveness in approximately way. So this had a big effect on family sustains, and the lives of women. The jobs still had to be d whizz by and by all. So the purpose of this computer address is to persuade women to do their vital buffalo chip for the war. To rile come to in the armed forces, and to work in fields in which men had previously worked. descent A is a broadcast on the BBC pedestal Service by a member of the womens Institute in whitethorn 1941. It is aimed at women to persuade them to do their crucial bit for the war. It is an appeal aimed at women, and has a few elements of propaganda. The agents tone and attitude to the situation Britain set approximately(predicate) was real positive, as she k right aways its a great opportunity for women to work together and show that they ar up to(p) to do any job that a man is capable of doing. The broadcasters main aim is to make legitimate she brings an emotional approach to her audience, so that women disregard reflect on the dreadful situation that Britain go about. She inferms to be rattling compulsive towards the entire war perspiration she makes it sound exciting, and thrilling. Her speech makes you want to volunteer to join the war effort. She portrays the war effort in an upbeat positive manner.We be fighting for our lives.The Broadcaster attends very ultranationalistic and is determi ned to get through the war. Seeing as Britain was on the brink of defeat in 1941, she could probably see her alone deportment flash before her eyes if Britain were to give in to Hitler. Not only would her succeeding(a) be ill fated, to a greater extentoer she would likewise lose her little freedom which she took advantage of. This is why she is hoping to get a constructive response from the women of Britain.2. Study extensions A and B. Does the author of theme B nonplus a different attitude to the importance of women in the war effort from the author of artificial lake A. Explain your suffice using two sources. character reference B is an article in the West Ham Gazette. A pistillate member of the Local Council in West Ham wrote this editorial in 1941. Source A is a broadcast on the BBC Home Service by a member of the womens Institute in May 1941. Both sources are from 1941 serious when Britain were on the brink of defeat. They are both aimed at women, are about women , and are from a chars point of view. Both sources agree that women should do their vital fraction for the war, to fight. Women, of course, didnt physically fight, til now they did do some very important and skilled jobs. They became involved in the war effort, which assistanted Britain produce the import World War.However, both sources not only have liaisons in common, moreover they overly differ too.Women should get on with the job.The author of source B is more demanding. It is almost like she can give orders, and has more authority over what women should and shouldnt do. Whereas in source A, the author doesnt put as a great deal power into her speech, although her dialogues seem to have more enthusiasm. Isnt it worth it? Together yes it is. She gives her listeners more of a choice as to whether they want to help in the war effort she makes the war effort sound amusing and entertaining source B has a more commanding and intimidating role.The author of source B has a r ather cynical and cheeky behaviour, not only does she want women to work in the war effort, but in any case she wants the dandy conditions that they are permitted to. As a result she wants to get more out of the war. She wants immutable changes for women. She wants to be do by with more respect.She also seems to be a bit of a sarcastic feminist. Her opening paragraph suggests that women are only regarded as important when the country is in desperate need of them. Its almost as if the author doesnt like being used. Her article gets more to the point. Whereas source A is full of passion and interest. Its more appealing. We are fighting for our lives. Source A is more like an unconditional obsessive duty that any cleaning lady would be proud to perform.Both authors have totally different attitudes. The author from source A is much more patriotic and eager, but the author from source B portrays the war effort in a depressing manner.3. Study source C. In what ways does source C help you to understand the difficulties faced by women during the bet on World War?Source C is a charwoman mouth in 1941, describing her up to nowing routine at home after running(a)s in a factory all day. She is being interviewed, and she seems relatively tense. Her typical daily schedule seems to be very hectic and busy. She doesnt go into detail about her day because she knows her interviewer knows whats entailed when she mentions queuing for diet for thought, cooking solid food, washing and mending. Working wives were faced with the constant difficulty of having two jobs, one in the home and the other at work. It was very difficult to fit in cooking, shopping, housework and childcare with exceedingly vast working hours required in a full-time job, predominantly at a time when domestic tasks were considered entirely a womans liability. Womens wage rates were usually half of those of men.Factory hours make standard shopping unattainable. A familys ration book could only be registered with one grocery shop, and by the time a woman got there after work, it would be likely that she would find the usual queues, and also that many of the goods had already been sold out. Before the war, shops usually opened until fairly late in the up to nowing, but now had been substantially ordered to close early on to save energy. Working women found they had no time to queue for unrationed goods, and might have to shop in their lunch hour, missing their confess meal, or on a Saturday afternoon, when the shops were at their most crowded. This problem contributed to high rates of absence in the factories.For the woman being interviewed, running a home and bringing up a family single-handedly, her life could be a nightmare of extensive factory shifts, followed by shopping, cooking and housework. Her health probably suffered because of tiredness, stress, pres sure as shooting, anxiety and inadequate, hasty meals.ration of c dishhes was introduced in June 1941.This meant women had to buy their clothes with coupons. With the government only fork outing 48-66 coupons per person per year, women only had teeming to buy a dress, a winter coat, a dressing g have got and two pairs of knickers, leaving only 7 more coupons for the rest of the year. This is why women were bombarded with encouragement to make their own clothes, and mend their old ones, as they didnt have enough clothes to go all year round. Women kept every scrap of significant in case it could be used, and do the best out of what was accessible. They couldnt afford to throw anything away. The needle was a weapon of the war to maintain old clothes were long lasting.4. Study Sources D, E and F. delectation the sources, and your own companionship, to explain why the government produced so many leaflets and adverts about food and cooking during the war.From the start of the war, women short become aware of changes when they went shopping. some goods were unavailable and others were in v ery short supply. Before the war, 60% of Britains food came from overseas. Supplies soon began to decrease as the nazis had gained much control of Europe. The nazis also bombed ships that were advancing in the direction of Britain. As a result the price of food fluctuated and soared rocket high. This meant that only the rich could afford to buy food, and short people would starve to death. Soon the government introduced rationing in January 1940. Everyone had a ration book full of stamps that said how much you were allowed to buy of from each one item each week.Rationing bought a degree of fairness. Coupons as well as money were needed to buy es moveial goods that were in short supply. On the whole rationing was popular because it at least meant that everybody could be certain of getting their share of essential necessities even if they were not allowed as much as they liked. Rationing actually worked very well and peoples diets were very sinewy although the food was plain and ra ther boring. It also continued for some time after the war because it took a while for things to get back to normal. most people managed to get extra food on the scurrilous market, if they knew the right people and the money.The way women managed to feed their families became a subject of national significance in wartime. A programme of advertising and propaganda was aimed at persuading women to attain the complicated aim of saving food whilst maintaining their familys health and fitness. A good example is source D, a paragraph from a leaflet produced by the Ministry of Food in 1941. It is a mixture of information and propaganda. It is aimed at women because cooking was considered a womans responsibility. Source D persuades women to eat more potatoes. This was generally because they were easy to enhance and they could save shipping space.The government persuaded people to grow their own vegetables in their back garden as supplies were running short. The government also used to gi ve out leaflets about using food to the greatest advantage. There was always a new way of serving potatoes, they were also healthy and cheap. Food was VITAL it was a weapon of war Food was so important during the s World War that even had its own Ministry. The Ministry of Food had to try and re-educate women to be conscious of the nutritional lever of diverse foods, the importance of a balanced diet, and also to persuade them to use different cooking methods. Without food no one would have had the energy to work Thus, the message of this source is to convince women to eat more potatoes, whether they are baked, fried, roasted or toastedThe Ministry of Food, which controlled rationing, spent colossal sums of money on advertisements directed at women. Papers and magazines were full of hints and encouragement for housewives. For instance, source E. An advertisement produced by the ministry of food in 1941, aimed at women. It is an advertisement of propaganda regularizeing the women o f Britain how well they are doing in the kitchen-front. It is more like a mini-survey to see how many medals each household deserves from saving the little crumbs to qualification a variety of different foods everyday. The advertisements aim is too fall out up morale and hold in people working straining. It seems Britain were in a desperate crisis, and that food supply was running very shortThe key to stretching rations was meanning ahead. The government produced many leaflets and grooming notes on planning a week of cooking. A typical example is source F, a series of cookery notes produced by the Ministry of Food during the war. The source doesnt tell us specifically when it was produced. It is aimed at women, and is a relevant source of information for women on how to cook as well as saving as much food as possible. Source F tells us what was the typical weekly food rations offered to everyone.The source shows us what foods were available at the time. On the list there seems to be that dairy products are in short supply. This suggests that the farmers in Britain would not have had a good year of produce and that Britain hasnt been able to import any. Furthermore, the list plan shows that potatoes should be cooked everyday except Friday and Saturdays. This suggest that the amount of potatoes which were imported were of a very high number, and that farmer and people had been growing a wholesome amount in their back gardens.The government produced a lot of food and cooking leaflets during the war because it was beginning to run out of supply. The Nazis had gained so much control over Europe that Britain had to get its supplies from USA. This was usually a much longer journey, and Britain had to wait ages until ships reached the docks. The governments aim was to make sure women used each item of food wisely, and saved as much food as they peradventure could. They tried to convince women to grow their own vegetables, as food was a weapon of war. But in th e whole, rationing was a very clever way of distributing food in the country.5. Study sources G and H. How expedient are these sources as evidence about the role of women at work during the war?Source G is a popular call during the Second World War, which was probably sung by women in factories to gain their morales. It perhaps helped them to keep up with work, and to make them realise that everybody was on the similar boat. The source isnt very reliable, as we dont know when it was written or who wrote it. Therefore anybody could have written this song, whether he/she was anti-war or pro-war. But what we can learn from this source is that many women had sexist attitudes. It is only a song about women.I find back that the amount of propaganda the government produced, indoctrinated all the women into thinking that it was ONLY they who helped win the war, when in fact men also did play a vital luck in the Second World War. I dont think this song is of any value. Its not reliabl e enough to be kept as a recollection of the Second World War. To me, the song sounds like a nursery rhyme. The language is very informal. The only good thing about source G is that it could cheer up women at work, boost their morales, it livens up the atmosphere at work. The bad thing about the source is that it isnt very useful. It doesnt tell us much about the role of women at work during the war. Its not informative.Source H is a recollection of a woman speaking about her experiences during the war. She was speaking in 1983. This source is very reliable as she is describing her personal experience of the war. She was in the war the whole time, and knew about the situation Britain faced. Source H shows a negative view of the shoot army. The womans account of the land army was negative. We had sausages everyday and They were horrible, may be a slight exaggeration of the truth. This may be a build up of all the bad things about the place she was at or where she came from.The sourc e was written forty years after the event and this could have caused her toremember just the bad points and she could have forgot important points and do bits up. She has a bad view on physical labour this may be because she hasnt been used to it. Source H also tells us that travelling to work everyday was difficult. This woman had to bike eight miles to work, and then eight miles back. Women had to go wherever they were sent for work, and this would sometimes mean long tiring journeys. They didnt have the free will to work in one set place. Women working in farms were sent to one farm one day, and another farm the next. Moreover, this source tells us that some managers made their workers feel unwelcome.They werent treated with enough respect. They were given the same food everyday, horrible boiled sausages, which the woman describes, tasted stately This source also tells us that women had a variety of jobs to do, from planting potatoes to working in forestry. The only pale point about this source is that it is only a recollection of ONE womans experience. Many other women could have the same view about the war as the woman from this source, and many other women probably have different views and opinions. Furthermore, this woman is speaking in 1983. Her memory was probably a little unclear and blurred.Source H alone, is a very informative and revealing source. If it were to be put together with source G (the song), then it would just be degrading source H. Source G tells us nothing its just a song. We dont even know who wrote it or even when it was written. Source H alone is much stronger it is very informative and useful in telling us how women were treated, and what they had to do at work.6. Study sources I and J. Use the evidence of these sources, and your own knowledge, to explain whether the war brought lasting changes in the role-played by women in British society.The Second World War had brought many changes for women. They were required to participa te in the war effort. They had a chance to produce themselves worthy, by involving themselves in the job industry. They gained a lot of respect, independence and confidence. They had become of major importance during the war. During the war government propaganda had insisted that women should play a full part in the war effort. Their labour was required in wartime industries and voluntary welfare organisations their housekeeping had to be carefully considered and cheap to run and above all they had to keep merry. They were not expected to complain in any way. Women had had a position to participate in their own right. With the ending if the war, priorities altered, and women were expected to return to their traditional roles as mothers and wives. Women found they had been laid off their jobs immediately after they had won the Second World War. A classic example is source I. A letter sent to the employees of Tate and Lyle in 1945, just when the war had come to an end.This source exp lains how men have come back from fighting in the war, and will need to be replaced by women. The letter is quite sincere, as it does thank women for working happily for last five and a half years. It shows how women have been used, and laid off work. Women were expected to go back, and adapt into their own lifestyles after working in civil organisations during the war. Through the period of the war, women learnt many skills and talents. ruffianly work had very payed off after winning the war, but women were disappointed, as they couldnt bring many lasting changes. Many women were offended, but not all jobs laid women off work. A few women still worked part time. But after the war, women werent needed to work, as few jobs were no longer required to run.Propaganda had so successfully influenced women into wartime jobs now changed way to convince them to stay at home. The same broadcasts and magazines that had previously told them how vital it was for them to work now told women how essential it was to be at home with their family. Source J is an advertisement, which appeared in the magazine Picture spot in November 1945. (Just after the war had ended). This advertisement is a blitz of reverse propaganda. It persuades women to go back to their schematic roles as housewives and mothers. It makes simple home life sound so pleasant, and convinces women that looking after your family is the primary precedency for any woman. Some women would rebel against this, as they probably want best for their daughters in the future. They dont want their children to live through the same difficulties and hardship as they did.The education act in 1944 offered girls more opportunities. It was an attempt to force the structure for the post-war British education system. The act raised the school-leaving age to 15 and provided universal free reading in three different types of schools grammar, secondary modern and technical. Girls could now be educated suitably, and could use their knowledge for power, and confidence in the future.Great social changes did pursue soon after the end of the war with the universe of the welfare state. Women also felt some changes, as they were treated with much more respect.Nevertheless, women didnt lose their confidence. Some women liked the idea of having a good rest, though they were also reluctant to give up what they had achieved entirely. Some women found their wartime independence didnt seem to survive after 1945, but they had greater self-assurance in their abilities. World War Two put the confidence and expectations of women high and the respect people gave them.7. Study all of the sources. The writer of source K believed that the most important part played by women in the war effort was in the home. Use the sources and your own knowledge, to explain whether you agree with this view about womens contribution to the war effort.Source K is a paragraph from a history textbook written in the 1970s. The source doesnt te ll us whether the writer experienced life in the Second World War. If he didnt, then I dont think he would have known exactly what it was like to be in a war. solo those who suffered during the war would know what it was precisely like to be involved in a war. The writer of source K believes that the ordinary housewife role in the home front helped win the war. I dont think the source is very reliable. It is more of an opinion stated in a textbook rather than a fact because most people would agree with it, and most people would disagree with it.All jobs done by women were important in their own respect. Source C suggests that many women did both. They worked in the kitchen front as well as war work. Source A also suggests that war work and the kitchen front are both vital. It is no longer a question of what is the most comfortable arrangement for each family. This suggests that family life at home also had to be altered, nothing could be thrown away, and everything must be saved fo r the war effort. Everybody had to help, and that no time could be wasted relaxing. The quote also develops into the fact that women had to take out uncommon family time by working in factories, armed forces, the land army, and many other recruitment organisations.Propaganda made war work sound challenging and rewarding and the life of a working girl exciting, independent- and even glamorous. There were some women who did skilled work such as farming and working in a forestry. However, as source H suggests, these jobs werent anything how the government had made them out to be. You often had to work extremely hard in an unfriendly environment. Source H implies that war work was tiring, and awfully difficult. As a result, I think these women would have preferred to be at home looking after their families, a not so challenging taskAnother Kitchen front task women had to keep up with was rationing. Queuing for food, and then making the most out of it wasnt an easy mission. Source F tal ks about he hardships of everyone because everyone had to be involved in rationing. However the evidence isnt solid because there was a black market, and got people around this problem. Source F agrees with the views of the writer in source K. Both sources think that women working in the home helped win the war. BUT rationing wasnt enough the government had come out with yet another task for women to do. They were persuaded to grow their own vegetables in their back gardens.Source D suggest that potatoes were a good vegetable to grow, as they were healthy. This meant that not only did women have to cook, clean, queue for food, go shopping, look after their children, and work in the war effort, they had to grow their own vegetables, plant them, water them and look after them. Source E suggests that women were keeping up with the kitchen front fantastically. It is a message telling women that they were doing absolutely fine, and to keep up with the excellent work. Working life in the home seemed very hectic for the average woman. Working in the home was just as hard as working in any factory, just as source H suggests.For some women, war work brought greater independence, the opportunity to train for skilled jobs and take pride in what they did. Source B suggests that war can bring a brighter future for women by asking for respect, independence and more freedom in return. Women wouldnt have been able to gain all this if they hadnt conscripted or volunteered into the work force. Out of war work, women achieved a lot of dignity, a changing role and a better future, not only for them, but for their children too. They played an important part in the work force too. It boost their confidence and self-conscious.Some women enjoyed working in the work force. Source G is a popular song that was probably sung by a lot of women in the work force. The song implies that women used to sing to keep up morales and that they were really determined to win the war. It also implies that the atmosphere at work used to be fun and merry.War work and kitchen work were inter-dependant. Both jobs, in and out of the home were vital to keep the country running. Jobs were of the same importance, they were both very hard to keep up with, but working in the factory and not working at home would be impossible. There would always be a little bit of cooking and cleaning to do at home. Working in the civil defence, or the armed constrained was just as hard as struggling to feed and clothe your family. Without any income, a family cannot survive. Women had no choice but to work. Not only were they working for their childrens health and safety, they were also helping out in the war effort at the same time. Women were of high importance in whatever they did. Their contribution to everything helped Britain win the war

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