Monday, April 15, 2019
Siemens Bribery Scandal Essay Example for Free
Siemens Bribery S jakesdal raiseAutomobiles are now an indispensable way for citizens to go out for working and shopping. Cars have shaped the maturement of motorization, which leads to the increase in private cable car lend superstarself. As a settlement of automobiles growing popularity, a entanglement of roads is built to satisfy the need for car travelers. Therefore motorization finally stimulates urban sprawl, which is the circulate of cities into impoverished and rural areas on the periphery of cities. Urban sprawl obviously has led to round stern social and environmental problems such as inequality in society and climate change. Several organizations sanction to develop advanced applied science in order to restrict urban sprawl and decrease greenhouse gas emissions while some experts disapprove of this opinion. This essay will argue that technical solutions just tighten social and bionomic pressure to delay the consequence. The reasons why it is impossible that technology eject absolutely issue with these problems also will be explained in the essay.In terms of surroundings, at present technology is non perfect enough to protect the natural environment and to deal with the greenhouse effect throughout the world. match to Gonzalez (2005), urban sprawl promotes automobile industry and gasoline manufacturers, which eventually increase carbon emissions. The extensive use of private cars causes rising greenhouse gases, which create global warming. In addition, negative ecologic influences can presently cause public health problems such as asthma and lung diseases (Freund and Martin, 2005). Although technology can partially funk certain environmental strain, it may also create some additional problems (Gonzalez, 2005). For an instance, nuclear energy can indeed reduce carbon emission though the waste in a nuclear military unit plant can also pollute the environment. Moreover, Gonzalez (2005) stresses that scientists at present do no t develop each technology to completely cope with climate change. It may take a long time and substantial resource to find an effective technological method. Thus, at that place is no efficient technology to deal with ecological problems desire global warming.With respect to problems in society, technology cannot prohibit main reliance on automobiles. mechanized urban expansion brings severe social problems, such as food supply threats from loss of farmland, change injustice and health problem. Urban sprawl increases reliance on automobile transport, which means more car owners, more frequent and longer trips and, therefore, more greenhouse gas emissions. Except harmful gas enervation from vehicles and annoying noise, dominance of private cars still does harm to citizens health, because the drivers exercise less and become fat. The crowded vocation degrades the shared station and makes squares and parks useless (Martin, 2007). It may be true that clean and energy-efficient a utomobile can be manufactured in science and technology. However, such technologies cannot stop the growth of travel distance (Martin, 2007). Furthermore, Martin (2005) claims that there is no or few technology available for problems of land consumption and the degradation of public space. Therefore, technological solution cannot categorically handle some serious problems such as the deterioration of public space and loss of farmland.Technological methods are expected to work out problems in society and environment. However, social and ecological injustice cannot be addressed by technology. People in poverty who are unable to cede personal cars have to live in the fringes of the city which has inadequate public transportation and infrastructures just like supermarkets and hospitals (Martin, 2007). In general, the edge of the city is industrialized, where factories emit harmful gases and let out waste into nearby rivers. Thus, the brusks health problem is more serious than the citi zens in the inner city. With different circles of people supplied with one by one various resources, the imbalance between classes results in societal polarization, fragmentation and segregation (Martin 2007). As a result of inequality, people who want to have a better life migrate from rural area to urban area because of well-paid jobs in the city. More facilities and houses need to be constructed so as to fulfill the demand of increase people in the centre of city. Construction of homes and commercial buildings in urban peripheries also consumes a down of energy. Therefore uncontrolled urbanization leads to land consumption and loss of farmland, which decline the food production. In some way, technology can manufacture economical and fuel-efficientautomobiles with shoddy materials so that the poor can afford this contour of car, whereas, it cannot cope with the gap between the rich and the poor. In addition, technological methods cannot intervene in collective acculturation su ch as culture and social cohesion. Thus, social and ecological inequality cannot be intervened by technology in any way.To sum up, this essay has analyzed how motorized urban sprawl leads to social and environmental problems. The essay also explained that technological solutions are incapable of solving the ecological and social problems originating from urban sprawl due to the lack of core technology. Even if the competent technology appeared, it would be too late to unclutter these problems. The technology cannot stop people from relying on cars to go out. Public health problems are also one of the main consequences of increasing car use and industrialized countryside. Technology solutions ignore the underlying causes of global warming- urban sprawl. It is necessary to limit the expansion of cities and to efficiently use the limited area. Otherwise, environmental degradation could not be reversed at all. Governments should pay more attention to urban sprawl even give up some fina ncial and political policy. No. of word 890 ReferencesFreund, P., Martin, G., Fast Cars/Fast Foods Hyper consumption and its Health and environmental Consequences, Frontiers of Sociology, The 37th World Congress of the International Institute of sociology, Stockholm, Sweden, 5-9, July 2005. Gonzalez, G.A (2005), Urban Sprawl, Global Warming and the Limits of Ecological modernisation, Environmental Politics, 143, pp. 34-362. Martin, G., 2007, Motorization, Social Ecology and China, Area, Vol. 391, pp. 66-73.