Saturday, June 1, 2019
Anatomy of a False Confession Essay -- essays research papers
Anatomy of a False ConfessionDepending on what study is read, the incidence of off confession is less than 35 per year, up to 600 per year. That is a significant variance in range, but no matter how it is evaluated or what numbers are calculated, the fact remains that false confessions are a reality. Why would an innocent person confess to a offensive that she did non commit? Are personal factors, such as age, education, and mental state, the primary precedent for a suspect to confess? Are law enforcement officers and their interrogation techniques to blame for eliciting false confessions? Regardless of the stimuli that lead to false confessions, society and the averageice system exigency to find a solution to prevent the subsequent aftermath.In the adversarial justice system, when the offender admits to the criminal act, there is no further controversy and the case promptly proceeds to sentencing. Physical evidence and victim or witness statements may often be overlooked an d not considered. The confession is considered unequivocal evidence of transgression and a disapprobation is ensured. Indeed, the interrogation process sole purpose is to obtain a confession. Zimbardo (1967) estimated that of those criminal cases that are solved, more than 80% are solved by a confession. (Conti, 1999) Without the confession, convictions may be reduced significantly. So why does a person falsely confess to a crime if the likelihood of a conviction is eminent? A false confession to any crime is self-destructive and counterintuitive.The mental state of the suspect can give explanation to a false confession. If a person is inebriated and is questioned before she is sober, that may lead to easier manipulation by the police. A suspect under the influence of alcohol or drugs may not remember all the events leading up to her arrest. This mental state allows police officers to give misleading information, which may imply that the suspect did commit the crime and does not r emember the incident. Mental retardation or suspects with low intelligence quotients (IQ) are easily manipulated by police comments and interrogation tactics. Those suspects usually do not understand the law or the consequences of a confession. They may want to please the police officer by being accommodating or agreeable. They may just wa... ...pThe power of innocence. Law and Human Behavior Vol.28, No. 2, p. 211.Kassin, S.M., & McNall, K. (1991). Police interrogations and confessions Communicating promises and threats by pragmatic implication. Law andHuman Behavior Vol. 15, No. 3, p. 233 251.Kassin, S.M., & Sukel, H. (1997). Coerced confessions and the jury an experimentalTest of the harmless error rule. Law and Human Behavior Vol. 21, No. 1, p.27 28.Kassin, S. (2004, April 26). Videotape police interrogations. Retrieved August 21, 2005,From The Boston Globe.Meissner, C.A., & Kassin, S.M. (2002, October). Hes illegal investigator bias in Judgments of truth and deception. Law and Human Behavior Vol. 26, No. 5, 469 479.Osterburg, J.W., & Ward, R.H. (2004). Criminal Investigation A Method For Reconstructing The Past. (4th ed.). Anderson Publishing LexisNexis Group.Perina, A. (2004, March 1). I confess. Psychology Today Vol. 36, Issue 2.