Thursday, May 2, 2019

Moraxella catarrhalis Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 words

Moraxella catarrhalis - Assignment ExampleThe infection is most common as a nosocomial infection or in children with creakyened immune system and immunocompromised adults.Moraxella catarrhalis has a beta-lactamase positive strain that is highly resistance to antibiotic activity. Further, the bacteria has outer membrane show proteins such as CopB, OMP CD, OMP E, uspA1 and uspA2 that limit the extent to which the normal protective mechanisms of the body and drugs affect the proliferation and existence of the bacteria in the system.The possibility of the bacteria, to cross the placental barrier and cause infections in-utero, has not been established. However, the high prevalence of otitis media caused by the bacteria is suggestive of a close relationship.Morphology Moraxella catarrhalis is a non-motile single-celled bacterium which is oxidase positive and nonsaccharolytic. It is a gram-negative diplococcic bacterium that is non-sporeforming and catalase positive. It occurs as spheric al organisms appearing in pairs or in linear clusters.Staining, sensitiveness and treatment The bacteria is negative on gram stain. The bacteria is not sensitive to common antibiotics that cannot cut off the beta-lactam ring. The most effective treatment involves fluoroquinolones, second- and third-generation cephalosporins, erythromycin, and amoxicillin-clavulanic acid antibiotics.At risk population, prevention and precaution Children with weak immune system, pre-existing respiratory conditions and immunocompromised individuals are at high risk. There is no known vaccinum against Moraxella catarrhalis. However, control measures include personal protective equipment in the hospital setting, such as gloves, face masks and fade washing to prevent contamination. In the hospital setting, the patients should be isolated in special rooms and anybody with weak immune status or children must not come into

No comments:

Post a Comment

Note: Only a member of this blog may post a comment.