Thursday, February 28, 2019
Political philosophy Essay
John Locke John locke was an face philosopher who was born in 1632 in Wrington, Somerset in England. His father was a country lawyer and milittary man who served as a captain during the face civil war. He went to Westminster school in 1647 and in 1652 to Christ church building in Oxford. Locke immersed himself in logic, metaphysics and classic languages. He graduated with a unmarried mans of medicine in 1674. He became the part of English doglike society in 1668. Locke met Anthony Ashley who was a parlimentarian in 1666 in Shaftesburry and became friend with him.He later on was appointed as a physician in Shaftesbury household in 1667. In that year he supervised a dangerous liver operation on shaftesburry and the operation was successful. When the Shaftesburys compaign to clog the Catholic duke of York from Royal succession was failed, the Earl was forced to leave England to Holland in 1682. Locke went to Holland a year after his patron and returned to England in 1688 after the Glorious variation had placed the Protestant William III on the throne.John locke expressed his views that it is the agreement of the government to serve the people by protecting life, liberty and property. He was in favour of a representative government and rule of law. He said that if the government is unable to protect individuals then the people should revolt. In 1690 he wrote a an Essay Concerning Human sagacity. An Essay of Human Understanding is divided in four books. In these books he expresses that human chief is complete at get tabula rasa theory ,but the mind rotter perplex and acquire much more knowledge through experiences as we rise up.John Locke published Two Treatises of Government in 1689. Who wrote about the birth of the civil government in these treatises. He thought that the people can act evil and wicked, but they can also self-regulate themselves and be good. He thought that the government should have three branches Legislative, Executive and Federativ e. John Locke was the against the King, he thought that the people should have the right to choose their leaders by voting. The people should revolt if the government fails to protect their properties, liberty and their lives.He express that the right to property should be given to those people who put substantial work and labor into it. In 1689, John Locke published A letter Concerning Toleration. These letters are about the freedom of religion. He said that as human beings we have to right to follow whatever religion we motivation and the church does not have right to persecute people and diversify them to christianity by force. John Locke means that if different religions are prevented of being practise in a society then it will create a conflicts in the society.